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1. General information on the Bible
A. The Bible consists of sixty-six books: thirty-nine in the Old Testament and twenty-seven in the new. The Bible took about 1600 years to write. It was written in three languages (Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek) by about forty authors and is internally consistent throughout.
2. Reliability of the Bible
A. The Bible is 98½ percent textually pure. Through all the copying of the Biblical manuscripts of the entire Bible, only 1½% has any question about it. Nothing in all of the ancient writings of the entire world approaches the accuracy of the biblical documents.
B. The 1½ percent that is in question does not affect doctrine. The areas of interest are called variants and they consist mainly in variations of wording and spelling.
C. The New Testament has over five thousand supporting Greek manuscripts existing today with another twenty thousand manuscripts in other languages. Some of the manuscript evidence dates to within one hundred years of the original writing. There is less than a one percent textual variation in the New Testament manuscripts.
D. Some of the supporting manuscripts of the New Testament are:
a. John Rylands manuscript written around 130 A.D., the oldest existing fragment of the gospel of John
b. Bodmer Papyrus II (150-200 A.D.)
c. Chester Beatty Papyri (200 A.D.), contains major portions of the New Testament
d. Codex Vaticanus (325-350 A.D.), contains nearly all the Bible.
e. Codex Sinaiticus (350 A.D.), contains almost all the New Testament and over half of the Old Testament
3. Prophecies of the Bible
A. Odds of Jesus filling the prophecies:
. The odds of Jesus fulfilling forty-eight of the sixty-one major prophecies concerning Him are 1 in 10157; that is a one with onehundred fifty-seven zeros behind it. By comparison, the estimated number of electrons in the entire known universe is about 1079; that is a one with seventy-nine zeros behind it.
i. Prophecies of the Bible
B. Virgin Birth Prophecy
. Isaiah 7:14, "Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel."
1. Note: the Jews who translated the Septuagint (Greek Translation of the Hebrew Old Testament) translated Isaiah 7:14 as the word virgin, not young maiden.
i. Matthew 1:18,25, "This is how the birth of Jesus Christ came about: His mother Mary... was found to be with child through the Holy Spirit... But he had no union with her until she gave birth to a son. And he gave him the name Jesus."
C. Born in Bethlehem
. Micah 5:2 "But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are small among the clans of Judah, out of you will come for me one who will be ruler over Israel, whose origins are from of old, from ancient times."
i. Matthew 2:1, "After Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea, during the time of King Herod, Magi from the east came to Jerusalem."
D. Preceded by a messenger
. Isaiah 40:3, "A voice of one calling: In the desert prepare the way for the LORD; make straight in the wilderness a highway for our God."
i. Matthew 3:1-2, "In those days John the Baptist came, preaching in the Desert of Judea and saying, Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is near."
E. Side Pierced
. Zechariah 12:10, "And I will pour out on the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and supplication. They will look on me, the one they have pierced, and they will mourn for him as one mourns for an only child, and grieve bitterly for him as one mourns for an only son."
i. John 19:34, "Instead, one of the soldiers pierced Jesus' side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water."
. Psalm 22:16-18, "a band of evil men has encircled me, they have pierced my hands and my feet. I can count all my bones; people stare and gloat over me. They divide my garments among them and cast lots for my clothing."
i. Luke 23:33, "When they came to the place called the Skull, there they crucified him, along with the criminals, one on his right, the other on his left."
ii. John 19:33, "But when they came to Jesus and saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs."
iii. John 19:23-24, "When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took his clothes... they said to one another. Let's decide by lot who will get it. This happened that the scripture might be fulfilled which said, They divided my garments among them and cast lots for my clothing. So this is what the soldiers did."
4. Scientific Accuracies in the Bible
i. The spherical shape of the earth (Isaiah 40:22).
ii. The earth is suspended in nothing (Job 26:7).
iii. The stars are innumerable (Genesis 15:5).
iv. The existence of valleys in the seas (2 Samuel 22:16).
v. The existence of springs and fountains in the sea (Genesis 7:11; 8:2; Proverbs 8:28).
vi. The existence of water paths (ocean currents) in the seas (Psalm 8:8).
vii. The water cycle (Job 26:8; 36:27-28; 37:16; 38:25-27; Psalm 135:7; Ecclesiastes 1:6-7).
viii. The fact that all living things reproduce after their own kind (Genesis 1:21; 6:19).
ix. The nature of health, sanitation, and sickness (Genesis 17:9-14; Leviticus 12-14).
x. The concept of entropy, that energy is running down (Psalm 102:26).
God as a Trinity
A. God is the only Supreme Being in all existence, places, and time. He is Holy (Revelation 4:8), Eternal (Isaiah 57:15), Omnipotent (Jeremiah 32:17,27), Omnipresent (Psalm 119:7-12), Omniscient (1 John 3:20); etc.
B. He is Love (1 John 4:8,16); Light (1 John 1:5); Spirit (John 4:24); Truth (Psalm 117:2); Creator (Isaiah 40:12,22,26), etc.
C. He is to be worshiped (Genesis 24:26; Exodus 4:31; 2 Chronicles 29:28; 1 Corinthians 14:25; Revelation 7:11).
D. Christianity is monotheistic - Only one God in existence, anywhere, anytime. See Isaiah Isaiah 43:10; 44:6,8; 45:5,14,18,21,22; 46:9; 47:8; John 17:3; 1 Corinthians 8:5-6; Galatians 4:8-9 for verses that teach monotheism.