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Bible Helps:     Biblical Units of Weights and Measures

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Biblical Units of Weights and Measures

Weights and measures differed somewhat at various times and places in the ancient world. This table is based upon the best available information, but it is not intended to be mathematically precise; like the measurement equivalents, it merely gives approximate amounts and distances. There is uncertainty particularly about the ephah and the bath; future discoveries may give more light on these particular units of capacity.

The figures in this table are calculated on the basis of a shekel equaling 11.5 grams, a cubit equaling 18 inches and an ephah equaling 22 liters. The quart referred to is either a dry quart (slightly larger than a liter) or a liquid quart (slightly smaller than a liter), whichever is applicable. The ton referred to is the American ton of 2,000 pounds.


Weights

Biblical Units of
Weight

Approximate
American Equivalent

Approximate
Metric Equivalent

talent (60 minas)
mina (50 shekels)
shekel (2 bekas)
pim (2/3 shekel)
beka (10 gerahs)
gerah

75 pounds
1 1/4 pounds
2/5 ounce
1/3 ounce
1/5 ounce
1/50 ounce

34 kilograms
0.6 kilograms
11.5 grams
7.6 grams
5.5 grams
0.6 grams

Length

Biblical Unitsof
Length

Approximate
American Equivalent

Approximate
Metric Equivalent

cubit
span
handbreadth

18 inches
9 inches
3 inches

0.5 meter
23 centimeters
8 centimeters

Capacity (Dry Measure)

Biblical Units of
Capacity (Dry Measure)

Approximate
American Equivalent

Approximate
Metric Equivalent

cor {homer} (10 ephahs)
lethek (5 ephahs)
ephah (10 omers)
seah (1/3 ephah)
omer (1/10 ephah)
cab (1/18 ephah)

6 bushels
3 bushels
3/5 bushels
7 quarts
2 quarts
1 quart

220 liters
110 liters
22 liters
7.3 liters
2 liters
1 liter

Capacity (Liquid Measure)

Biblical Units of
Capacity (Liquid Measure)

Approximate
American Equivalent

Approximate
Metric Equivalent

bath (1 ephah)
hin (1/6 bath)
log (1/72 bath)

6 gallons
4 quarts
1/3 quart

22 liters
4 liters
0.3 liter



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"When to seek God has become life and to glorify God has become self, then you have truly found God."