How can we expect to be saved by an "unknown" God? And how can we know
God without prayer? We know nothing of men and women in this world,
unless we speak with them. We cannot know God in Christ, unless we speak
to Him in prayer. If we wish to be with Him in heaven, we must be His
friends on earth. If we wish to be His friends on earth, "we must pray."
There will be many at Christ's right hand in the last day. The saints
gathered from North and South, and East and West, will be "a great
multitude that no one could count" (Revelation 7:9). The song of victory
that will burst from their months, when their redemption is finally
complete, will be a glorious song indeed. It will be far above the
noise of many waters, and of mighty thunders. But there will be no
discord in that song, They that sing, will sing with one heart as well as
one voice. Their experience will be one and the same. All will have
believed. All will have been washed in the blood of Christ. All will
have been born again. All will have prayed. Yes, we must pray on earth,
or we will never praise in heaven. We must go through the school of
prayer, or we will never be fit for the celebration of praise. In short,
to be prayerless is to be without God, without Christ, without grace,
without hope, and without heaven. It is to be on the road to hell.
II. In the second place, "a habit of prayer is one of the surest marks
of a true Christian."
All the children of God on earth are alike in this respect. From the
moment there is any life and reality in their religion, they pray. Just
as the first sign of life in an infant when born into the world, is the
act of breathing, so the first act of men and women when they are born
again, is "praying."
This is one of the common marks of all the elect of God: "They always
pray and do not give up" (Luke 18:1). The Holy Spirit, who makes them
new creatures, works in them the feeling of adoption, and makes them cry,
"Abba, Father" (Romans 8:15). The Lord Jesus, when He saves them, gives
them a voice and a tongue, and says to them, "Be silent no more." God
has no speechless children. It is as much a part of their new nature to
pray, as it is of a child to cry. They see their need of mercy and
grace. They feel their emptiness and weakness. They cannot do otherwise
than they do. They "must" pray.
I have looked carefully over the lives of God's saints in the Bible. I
cannot find one of whose history much is told us, from Genesis to
Revelation, who was not a man of prayer. I find it mentioned as a
characteristic of the godly, that "they call on the Father," that "they
call on the name of the Lord Jesus Christ." I find it recorded as a
characteristic of the wicked, that "they do not call upon the Lord."
(1 Peter 1:17; 1 Corinthians 1:2; Psalm 14:4).
I have read the lives of many great Christians who have been on earth
since the Bible days. Some of them, I see, were rich, and some poor.
Some were educated, and some uneducated. They came from various
denominations and some were Independents. Some loved a very structured
worship service, and some liked it rather informal. But one thing, I
see, they all had in common. The have all been "men of prayer."
I study the reports of missionaries in our own times. I see with joy
that heathen men and women are receiving the Gospel in various parts of
the globe. There are conversions in Africa, in New Zealand, and in
America. The people converted are naturally unlike one another in every
respect. But one striking thing I observe at all the missionary
stations, the converted people "always pray."
I do not deny that a man may pray without heart, and without sincerity.
I do not for a moment pretend to say, that the mere fact of a person
praying proves everything about his soul. As in every other part of
religion, so also in this, there is plenty of deception and hypocrisy.
But this I do say, that not praying, is a clear proof that a man is not
yet a true Christian. He cannot really feel for his sins. He cannot
love God. He cannot feel himself in debt to God. He cannot long after
holiness. He cannot desire heaven. He has yet to be born again. He has
yet to be made a new creature. He may boast confidently of election,
grace, faith, hope, and knowledge, and deceive ignorant people. But you
may rest assured it is all vain talk "if he does not pray."
And furthermore, I say, that of all the evidences of the real work of the
Spirit, a habit of hearty private prayer is one of the most satisfactory
that can be named. A man may preach from false motives. A man may write
books, and make fine speeches, and seem diligent in good works, and yet
be a Judas Iscariot. But a man seldom goes into his closet, and pours
out his soul before God in secret, unless he is serious. The Lord
Himself has set His stamp on prayer as the best proof of true conversion.
When He sent Ananias to Saul in Damascus, He gave him no other evidence
of his change of heart than this, "he is praying" (Acts 9:11)
I know that much may go on in a man's mind before he is brought to pray.
He may have many convictions, desires, wishes, feelings, intentions,
resolutions, hopes, and fears. But all these things are very uncertain
proofs. They are to be found in ungodly people, and often come to
nothing. In many cases they are not more lasting than "the morning mist,
and the early dew that disappears" (Hosea 6:4). A real hearty prayer,
flowing from a broken and repentant spirit, is worth all these things put
I know that the elect of God are chosen to salvation from all eternity.
I do not forget that the Holy Spirit, who calls them in due time, in many
instances leads them by very slow degrees to an awareness of Christ. But
the eye of man can only judge by what it sees. I cannot call any one
justified until he believes. I dare not say that any one believes until
he prays. I cannot understand a silent and speechless faith. The first
act of faith will be to speak to God. Faith is to the soul what life is
to the body. Prayer is to faith what breath is to life. How can a man
live and not breathe is past my comprehension, and how a man can believe
and not pray is past my comprehension too.
Let no one be surprised if he hears ministers of the Gospel dwelling a
lot on the importance of prayer. This is the point we want to bring you
to, we want to know that you pray. Your views of doctrine may be
correct. Your love of evangelical religion may be warm and unmistakable.
But still this may be nothing more than head knowledge and party spirit.
The great point is this, whether you can speak "to" God as well as speak
III. In the third place, "there is no part of religion so neglected as
We live in days abounding in religious profession. There are more places
of public worship now than there ever were before. There are more
persons attending them than there ever have been since we became a
nation. And yet in spite of all this public religion, I believe there is
a vast neglect of private prayer.
I would not have said that a few years ago. I once thought, in my
ignorance, that most people said their prayers, and many people prayed.
I have lived to think differently. I have come to the conclusion that
the great majority of professing Christians do not pray at all.
I know that this sounds very shocking and will startle many. But I am
convinced that prayer is just one of those things which is thought to be
"a private matter," and like many "private matters" it is shamefully
neglected. It is "everybody's duty;" and, as it often happens in such
cases, it is a business carried on by very few. It is one of those
private transactions between God and our souls which no eye sees, and
therefore one which there is every temptation to pass over and leave
I believe that thousands "never say a word of prayer at all." They eat;
they drink; they sleep; they rise; they go forward to their work; they
return to their homes; they breathe God's air; they see God's sun; they
walk on God's earth; they enjoy God's mercies; they have dying bodies;
they have judgment and eternity before them. But they "never speak to
God!" They live like the animals that perish; they behave like creatures
without souls; they have no words to say to Him in whose hand is their
life, and breath, and all things, and from whose mouth they must one day
receive their everlasting sentence. How dreadful this seems! But if the
secrets of men were only known, how common!
I believe that there are tens of thousands "whose prayers are nothing but
a mere form, a set of words repeated by rote, without a thought about
their meaning." Some say over a few hasty sentences picked up in the
nursery when they were children. Many, even of those who use good forms,
mutter their prayers over after they have got into bed, or scramble over
them while they wash or dress in the morning. Men may think what they
please, but they can count on the fact that in the sight of God "this is
not praying." Words said without heart are as utterly useless to our
souls as the drum-beating of the poor heathen before their idols. Where
there is no heart, the lips may move and the tongue wag, but there is
nothing that God listens to, there is "no prayer." Saul, I have no
doubt, said many a long prayer before the Lord met him on the way to
Damascus. But it was not till his heart was broken that the Lord said,
"He is praying."
Does this surprise any reader? Listen to me and I will show you that I
am not speaking as I do without reason. Do you think that my assertions
are extravagant and unwarranted? Give me your attention, and I will soon
show you that I am only telling you the truth.
Have you forgotten that it is "not natural" to any one to pray? The
carnal mind has a hatred towards God. The desire of man's heart is to
get far away from God, and to have nothing to do with Him. His feeling
toward Him is not love but fear. Why then should a man pray when he has
no real sense of sin, no real feeling of spiritual needs, no thorough
belief in unseen things, no desire after holiness and heaven? Of all
these things the vast majority of men know and feel nothing. The
multitude are traveling on the wide road. I cannot forget this.
Therefore I say boldly, I believe that few people pray.
Have you forgotten that it is "not fashionable" to pray? It is just one
of the things that many would be rather ashamed to admit is their
practice. There are hundreds who would sooner storm a beach in battle
than confess publicly that they make it a habit to pray. There are
thousands who, if obligated by chance to sleep in the same room with a
stranger, would lie down in bed without a prayer. To ride a horse well,
to shoot well, to dress well, to go to balls and concerts, and theaters,
to be thought clever and congenial, all this is fashionable, but not to
pray. I cannot forget this. I cannot think a habit is common which so
many seem ashamed to admit. I believe that few pray.
Have you forgotten "the lives that many live?" Can we really suppose that
people are praying, against sin night and day, when we see them plunging
right into it? Can we suppose they pray against the world, when they
are entirely absorbed and taken up with its pursuits? Can we think they
really ask God for grace to serve Him, when they do not show the
slightest desire to serve Him at all? Oh, no! It is clear as daylight
that the great majority of men either ask nothing of God, or "do not mean
what they say" when they do ask, which is just the same thing. Praying
and sinning will never live together in the same heart. Prayer will
consume sin, or sin will choke prayer. I cannot forget this. I look at
men's lives. I believe that few pray.
Have you forgotten "the deaths that many die?" How many, when they draw
near death, seem like entire strangers to God. Not only are they sadly
ignorant of His Gospel, but sadly devoid of the power of speaking to Him.
There is a terrible awkwardness, and shyness, and newness, and coldness,
in their endeavors to approach Him. They seem to be taking up a new
thing. They appear as if they wanted an introduction to God, and as if
they had never talked with Him before. I remember having heard of a lady
who was anxious to have a minister to visit her in her last illness. She
desired that he would pray with her. He asked her what he should pray
for. She did not know and could not tell. She was utterly unable to
name any one thing which she wished him to ask God for her soul. All she
seemed to want was the form of a minister's prayers. I can quite
understand this. Death beds are great revealers of secrets. I cannot
forget what I have seen of sick and dying people. This also leads me to
believe that few pray.
IV. In the fourth place, "prayer is that act in religion in which there
is the greatest encouragement."
There is everything on God's part to make prayer easy, if men will only
attempt it. "Everything is now ready" on His side (Luke 14:17). Every
objection is anticipated. Every difficulty is provided for. The
crooked places are made straight, and the rough places are made smooth.
There is no excuse left for the prayerless man.
There is a way by which any man, however sinful and unworthy, may draw
near to God the Father. Jesus Christ has opened that way by the
sacrifice He made for us upon the cross. The holiness and justice of God
need not frighten sinners and keep them back. Only let them cry to God
in the name of Jesus, only let them plead the atoning blood of Jesus, and
they will find God on a throne of grace, willing and ready to hear. The
name of Jesus is a never-failing passport to our prayers. In that name a
man may draw near to God with boldness, and ask with confidence. God has
pledged to hear him. Think of this. Is this not encouragement?
There is "an advocate" and intercessor always waiting to present the
prayers of those who will employ Him. That advocate is Jesus Christ. He
mingles our prayers with the incense of His own almighty intercession.
So mingled they go up as a sweet savor before the throne of God. Poor as
they are in themselves, they are mighty and powerful in the hand of our
High Priest and elder brother. The banknote without a signature at the
bottom is nothing but a worthless piece of paper. A few strokes of a pen
confer on it all its value. The prayer of a poor child of Adam is a
feeble thing in itself, but once endorsed by the hand of the Lord Jesus
it accomplishes much. There once was an officer in the city of Rome who
was appointed to have his doors always open, in order to receive any
Roman citizen who applied to him for help. In the same way, the ear of
the Lord Jesus is ever open to the cry of all who want mercy and grace.
It is His business to help them. Their prayer is His delight. Think of
this. Is this not encouragement?
There is "the Holy Spirit" always ready to help our weakness in prayer.
It is one part of His special functions to assist us in our endeavors to
speak to God. We need not be cast down and distressed by the fear of not
knowing what to say. The Spirit will give us words if we will only seek
His aid. He will supply us with "thoughts that breathe and words that
burn." The prayers of the Lord's people are the inspiration of the
Lord's Spirit, the work of the Holy Spirit who dwells within them as the
Spirit of grace and supplications. Surely the Lord's people may well
hope to be heard. It is not that they merely pray, but the Holy Spirit
pleading in them (Romans 8:26). Think of this. Is this encouragement?
There are surpassing "promises" to those who pray. What did the Lord
Jesus mean when He spoke such words as these, "Ask and it will be given
to you; seek and you will find; knock and the door will be opened to you.
For everyone who asks receives; he who seeks finds; and to him who
knocks, the door will be opened" (Matthew 7:7-8). "If you believe, you
will receive whatever you ask for in prayer" (Matthew 21:22). "I will do
whatever you ask in my name, so that the Son may bring glory to the
Father. You may ask me for anything in my name, and I will do it" (John
14:13-14). What did the Lord mean when He spoke the parables of the
friend at midnight and the insistent widow? (Luke 11:5; 18:1). Think
over these passages. If this is not encouragement to pray then words
have no meaning at all.
There are wonderful "examples" in Scripture of the power of prayer.
Nothing seems to be too great, too hard, or too difficult for prayer to
do. It has obtained things that seemed impossible and out of reach. It
has won victories over fire, air, earth, and water. Prayer opened the
Red Sea. Prayer brought water from the rock and bread from heaven.
Prayer made the sun stand still. Prayer brought fire from the sky on
Elijah's sacrifice. Prayer turned the counsel of Ahithophel into
foolishness. Prayer overthrew the army of Sennacherib. Well said Mary
Queen of Scots, "I fear John Knox's prayers more than an army of ten
thousand men." Prayer has healed the sick. Prayer has raised the dead.
Prayer has procured the conversion of souls. "The child of many
prayers," said an old Christian to Augustine's mother, "will never
perish." Prayer, pains, and faith can do anything. Nothing seems
impossible when a man has the Spirit of adoption. "Leave me alone," is
the remarkable saying of God to Moses, when Moses was about to intercede
for the children of Israel. (Exodus 32:10). The Chaldee version has it
"Stop praying." So long as Abraham asked mercy for Sodom, the Lord went
on giving. He never ceased to give till Abraham ceased to pray. Think
of this. Is this not encouragement?
What more can a man want to lead him to take any step in religion than
the things I have just told him about prayer? What more could be done to
make the path to the mercy-seat easy, and to remove all occasions of
stumbling from the sinner's way? Surely if the devils in hell had such a
door set open before them they would leap for gladness, and make the very
pit ring with joy.
But where will the man hide his head at last who neglects such glorious
encouragements. What can be possibly said for the man who dies without
prayer? God forbid that any reader of this paper should be that man.
V. In the fifth place, "diligence in prayer is the secret of eminent
Without question there is a vast difference among true Christians. There
is an immense gap between the greatest and the weakest in the army of
They are all fighting the same good fight, but how much more valiantly
some fight than others! They are all doing the Lord's work, but how much
more some do than others! They are all light in the Lord, but how much
more brightly some shine than others! They are all running the same
race, but how much faster some run than others! They all love the same
Lord and Savior, but how much more some love Him than others! I ask any
true Christian whether this is not the case. Are these things not so?
There are some of the Lord's people who seem "never able to advance and
grow" from the time of their conversion. They are born again, but they
remain babies all their lives. They are learners in Christ's school, but
they never seem to get beyond A B C. They have got inside the fold, but
there they lie down and go no further. Year after year you see in them
the same old habitual sins. You hear from them the same old experience.
You note in them the same need of spiritual appetite, the same
squeamishness about anything but the milk of the Word, and the same
dislike of the strong meat of the Bible-the same childishness, the same
feebleness, the same trivialness of mind, the same narrowness of
heart, the same want of interest in anything beyond their own little
circle, which you noted ten years ago. They are indeed pilgrims, but
they are like the Gibeonites pilgrims of old; their bread is always dry
and moldy, their shoes always old and split, and their garments always
ripped and torn (Joshua 9:4-5). I say this with sorrow and grief. But I
ask any real Christian, "Is it not true?"
There are others of the Lord's people who seem to be "always growing."
They grow like the grass after rain. They increase like Israel in Egypt.
They press on like Gideon, though sometimes "exhausted yet keeping up the
pursuit" (Judges 8:4). They are ever adding to grace, and faith to
faith, and strength to strength. Every time you meet them their hearts
seem larger, and their spiritual stature bigger, taller, and stronger.
Every year they appear to see more, and know more, and believe more, and
feel more in their religion. They not only have good works to prove the
reality of their faith, but they are "zealous" of them. They not only do
well, but they are "unwearied" in well-doing (Titus 2:14; Galatians 6:9).
They attempt great things, and they do great things. When they fail they
try again, and when they fall they are soon up again. And all this time
they think of themselves poor unprofitable servants, and fancy they do
nothing at all! These are those who make religion lovely and beautiful
in the eyes of all. They obtain praise even from the unconverted, and
win golden opinions even from the selfish men of the world. These are
those whom it does one good to see, to be with, and to hear. When you
meet them, you could believe that, like Moses, they had just come out
from the presence of God. When you part with them you feel warmed by
their company, as if your soul had been near a fire, I know such people
are rare. I only ask, "Is it not true?"
Now, how can we account for the difference which I have just described?
What is the reason that some believers are so much brighter and holier
than others? I believe the difference in nineteen cases out of twenty,
arises from different habits of private prayer. I believe that those who
are not eminently holy pray "little," and those who are eminently holy
I dare say this opinion will startle some readers. I have little doubt
that many look on eminent holiness as a kind of special gift, which none
but a few must pretend to aim at. They admire it at a distance, in
books: they think it beautiful when they see an example near themselves.
But as to its being a thing within the reach of any but a very few, such
a notion never seems to enter their minds. In short, they consider it a
kind of monopoly granted to a few favored believers, but certainly not to
Now I believe that this is a most dangerous mistake. I believe that
spiritual, as well as natural greatness depends far more on the use of
means within everybody's reach, than on anything else. Of course I do
not say we have a right to expect a miraculous grant of intellectual
gifts. But I do say this, that when a man is born again by Jesus Christ,
whether he will be exceptionally holy or not depends mainly on his own
diligence in the use of God's appointed means. And I confidently assert
that the principal means by which most believers have become great in
the Church of Jesus Christ is the habit of "diligent private prayer."
Look through the lives of the brightest and best of God's servants,
whether in the Bible or not. See what is written of Moses, and David,
and Daniel, and Paul. Note what is recorded about Luther and the
Reformers. Observe what is related of the private devotions of
Whitfield, and M'Cheyne. Tell me of one of all the godly fellowship of
saints and martyrs, who has not had this mark most prominently, he was a
"man of prayer." Oh, depend on it, prayer is power!
Prayer obtains fresh and continued outpourings of the Spirit. He alone
begins the work of grace in a man's heart: He alone can carry it forward
and make it prosper. But the Holy Spirit loves to be petitioned. And
those who ask most, will always have most of His influence.
Prayer is the surest remedy against the devil and besetting sins. That
sin will never stand firm which is heartily prayed against: the devil
will never maintain influence over us when we ask the Lord to help us.
But, then, we must spread out all our case before our Heavenly Physician,
if He is to give us daily relief: we must ask Christ to send them back to
Do we wish to grow in grace and be very holy Christians? Then let us
never forget the value of prayer.
VI. the sixth place, "neglect of prayer is one great cause of
There is such a thing as going back in religion, after making a good
profession. Men may run well for a season, like the Galatians, and then
turn aside after false teachers. Men may profess loudly, while their
feelings are warm, as Peter did; and then, in the hour of trial, deny
their Lord. Men may lose their first love, as the Ephesians did. Men
may cool down in their zeal to do good, like Mark, the companion of Paul.
Men may follow an apostle for a season, and then, like Demas, go back to
the world, Men may do all these things.
It is a miserable thing to be a backslider. Of all the unhappy things
that can happen to a man, I suppose it is the worst. A stranded ship, a
broken-winged eagle, a garden overrun with weeds, a harp without strings,
a church in ruins, all these are sad sights, but a backslider is a sadder
sight still. There is no doubt that if the person is truly a Christian
then the true grace will never be extinguished, and true union with
Christ will never be broken. But I do believe that a man may backslide
so far that he will lose sight of his own grace, and despair of his own
salvation. And if this is not hell, it is certainly the next thing to
it! A wounded conscience, a mind sick of itself, a memory full of self-
reproach, a heart pierced through with the Lord's arrows, a spirit broken
with a load of inward accusation, all this is a "taste of hell." It is
a hell on earth.
Now, what is the cause of most backsliding? I believe, as a general
rule, one of the chief causes is neglect of private prayer. Of course the
secret history of backsliding will not be known until the last day. I
can only give my opinion as a minister of Christ and a student of the
heart. That opinion is, that backsliding, generally first begins with
"neglect of private prayer."
Bibles read without prayer, sermons heard without prayer, engagements to
marriage without prayer, travel undertaken without prayer, homes chosen
without prayer, friendships formed without prayer, the daily act of
private prayer itself hurried over or gone through without heart, these
are the kind of downward steps by which many a Christian descends to a
condition of spiritual paralysis, or reaches the point where God allows
him to have a tremendous fall.
This is the process which forms the lingering Lots, the unstable Samsons,
the wife-idolizing Solomons, the inconsistent Asas, the pliable
Jehoshaphats, the over-careful Marthas, of whom so many are to be found
in the Church of Christ. Often the simple history of such cases is
this, they became "careless about private prayer."
We may be very sure that men fall in private long before they fall in
public. They are backsliders on their knees long before they backslide
openly in the eyes of the world. Like Peter, they first disregard the
Lord's warning to watch and pray; and then, like Peter, their strength is
gone, and in the hour of temptation they deny their Lord.
The world takes notice of their fall, and scoffs loudly. But the world
knows nothing of the real reason. The heathen then succeeded in making
Origen, the old Christian Father, offer incense to an idol, by
threatening him with a punishment worse than death. They then triumphed
greatly at the sight of his cowardice and apostasy. But the heathen did
not know the fact, which Origen himself tells us, that he had neglected
his private time of prayer with the Lord.
If any reader of this paper is really a Christian then I trust he will
never be a backslider. But if you do not wish to be a backsliding
Christian, remember the hint I give you, mind your prayers.
VII. In the seventh place, "prayer is one of the best way to acquire
happiness and contentment."
We live in a world where sorrow abounds. This has always been its state
since sin came into the world. There cannot be sin without sorrow. And
till sin is driven out from the world it is vain for any one to suppose
he can escape sorrow. Some, without doubt, have a larger cup of sorrow
to drink than others. But few are to be found who live very long
without sorrows or cares of one sort or another. Our bodies, our
property, our families, our children, our relations, our friends, our
neighbors, our worldly callings, each and all of these are fountains of
care. Sicknesses, deaths, losses, disappointments, partings,
separations, ingratitude, slander, all these are common things. We
cannot get through life without them. Some day they will find us out.
The greater are our affections, the deeper are our afflictions; and the
more we love, the more we have to cry.
And what is the best way to acquire cheerfulness in such a world as this?
How will we get though this valley of tears with the least pain? I know
no better way than the habit of "taking everything to God in prayer."
This is the clear advice that the Bible gives, both in the Old Testament
and the New. What does God say? "Call upon Me in the day of trouble; I
will deliver you, and you will honor me" (Psalm 50:15). "Cast your cares
on the LORD and he will sustain you; he will never let the righteous
fall" (Psalm 55:22). What does the Apostle Paul say? "Do not be anxious
about anything, but in everything, by prayer and petition, with
thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which
transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in
Christ Jesus" (Philippians 4:6-7). What does the Apostle James say? "Is
any one of you in trouble? He should pray" (James 5:13)
This was the practice of all the saints whose history we have recorded in
the Scriptures. This is what Jacob did, when he feared his brother Esau.
This is what Moses did, when the people were ready to stone him in the
wilderness. This is what Joshua did, when Israel was defeated before Ai.
This is what David did, when he was in danger at Keliah. This is what
Hezekiah did, when he received the letter from Sennacherib. This is what
the Church did, when Peter was put in prison. This is what Paul did,
when he was cast into the dungeon at Philippi.
The only way to be really happy, in such a world as this is to be ever
casting all our cares on God. It is the attempt of carrying their own
burdens which so often makes believers sad. If they will only tell
their troubles to God He will enable them to bear them as easily as
Samson did the gates of Gaza. If they are resolved to keep them to
themselves they will find one day that the very grass hopper is a burden
There is a friend ever waiting, to help us, if we will only tell Him our
sorrow, a friend who pitied the poor, and sick, and sorrowful, when He
was on earth, a friend who knows the heart of a man, for He lived thirty-
three years as a man among us, a friend who can weep with the weepers,
for He was a man of sorrows and acquainted with grief, a friend who is
able to help us, for there never was earthly pain He could not cure.
That friend is Jesus Christ. The way to be happy is to be always opening
our hearts to Him. Oh, that we were all like that poor Black Christian,
who only answered, when threatened and punished, "I must tell the Lord."
Jesus can make those happy who trust Him and call on Him, whatever be
their outward condition. He can give them peace of heart in a
prison, contentment in the midst of poverty, comfort in the midst of
bereavements, joy on the brink of the grave. There is a mighty fullness
in Him for all His believing members, a fullness that is ready to be
poured out on every one who will ask in prayer. Oh, that men would
understand that happiness does not depend on outward circumstances, but
on the state of the heart!
Prayer can lighten crosses for us no matter how heavy they are. It can
bring down to our side One who will help us to bear them. Prayer can
open a door for us when our way seems hedged up. It can bring down One
who will say, "This is the way, walk in it." Prayer can let in a ray of
hope, when all our earthly prospects seem darkened. It can bring down
One who will say, "I will never leave you nor forsake you." Prayer can
obtain relief for us when those we love most are taken away, and the
world feels empty. It can bring down One who can fill the gap in our
hearts with Himself, and say to the waves within, "Peace: be still!" Oh,
that men were not so much like Hagar in the wilderness, blind to the well
of living waters close beside them! (Genesis 21:19).
I want the readers of this paper to be really happy Christians. I am
certain I cannot urge on them a more important duty than prayer.
And now it is high time for me to bring this paper to an end. I trust I
have brought before my readers things that will be seriously considered.
I heartily pray to God that this consideration may be blessed to their
(1) Let me speak a parting word "to those who do not pray." I dare not
suppose that all who read these pages will be praying people. If you are
a prayerless person, permit me to speak to you this day on God's behalf.
Prayerless friend, I can only warn you; but I do warn you most solemnly.
I warn you that you are in a position of dreadful danger. If you die in
your present state you are a lost soul. You will only rise again to be
eternally miserable. I warn you that of all professing Christians you
are most utterly without excuse. There is not a single good reason that
you can show for living without prayer.
It is useless to say you "You don't know how to pray." Prayer is the
simplest act in all religion. It is simply speaking to God. It needs
neither learning, nor wisdom, nor book-knowledge to begin it. It needs
nothing but heart and will. The weakest infant can cry when he is
hungry. The poorest beggar can hold out his hand for charity, and does
not wait to find fine words. The most ignorant man will find something
to say to God, if he has only a mind.
It is useless to say you have no convenient place to pray in. Any man
can find a place private enough, if he is inclined. Our Lord prayed on a
mountain; Peter on the house-top; Isaac in the field; Nathanael under the
fig-tree; Jonah in the whale's belly. Any place may become a closet, and
a Bethel, and be to us the presence of God.
It is useless to say you have no time. There is plenty of time, if men
will only utilize it. Time may be short, but time is always long enough
for prayer. Daniel had all the affairs of a kingdom on his hands, and
yet he prayed three times a day. David was ruler over a mighty nation,
and yet he says, "Evening, morning and noon I cry out in distress" (Psalm
55:17). When time is really wanted, time can always be found.
It is useless to say you "cannot pray till you have faith and a new
heart," and that you must sit still and wait for them. This is to add
sin to sin. It is bad enough to be unconverted and going to hell. It is
even worse to say, "I know it, but I will not cry for mercy." This is a
kind of argument for which there is no warrant in Scripture. "Seek the
LORD while he may be found," says Isaiah, "call on him while he is near"
(Isaiah 55:6). "Take words with you and return to the LORD," says Hosea
(Hosea 14:2). "Repent of this wickedness and pray to the Lord," says
Peter to Simon Magus (Acts 8:22). If you want faith and a new heart, go
and cry to the Lord for them. The very attempt to pray has often been
the arousing of a dead soul. Yes, there is no devil so dangerous as a
Oh, prayerless man, who and what are you that you will not ask anything
of God? Have you made a covenant with death and hell? Are you at peace
with the maggot and the fire? Have you no sins to be pardoned? Have
you no fear of eternal torment? Have you no desire after heaven? Oh,
that you would awake from your present folly! Oh that you would consider
the coming end of your life! Oh, that you would rise up and call upon
God! Yes, there is a day coming when men will pray loudly, "Lord, Lord,
let us in," but all will be too late; when many will cry to the rocks to
fall on them, and the hills to cover them, who would never cry to God.
In all affection I warn you. Beware lest this be the end of your soul.
Salvation is very near you. Do not lose heaven for want of asking.
(2) Let me speak in the next place "to those who have real desires for
salvation, but do not know what steps to take or where to begin." I
cannot but hope that some readers may be in this state of mind, and if
there be but one such I must offer him encouragement and advice.
In every journey there must be a first step. There must be a change from
sitting still to moving forward. The journeyings of Israel from Egypt to
Canaan were long and wearisome. Forty years passed away before they
crossed the Jordan. Yet there was someone who moved first when they
marched from Rameses to Succoth. When does a man really take his first
step in coming out from sin and the world? He does it in the day when
he first prays with his heart.
In every building, the first stone must be laid, and the first blow must
be struck. The ark was 120 years in building. Yet there was a day when
Noah laid his axe to the first tree he cut down to form it. The temple
of Solomon was a glorious building. But there was a day when the first
huge stone, was laid at the foot of Mount Moriah. When does the building
of the Spirit really begin to appear in a man's heart? It begins, so far
as we can judge, when he first pours out his heart to God in prayer.
If any reader of this paper desires salvation, and wants to know what to
do, I advise him to go this very day to the Lord Jesus Christ, in the
first private place he can find, and plead with Him in prayer to save his
Tell Him that you have heard that He receives sinners, and has said,
"Whoever comes to me I will never drive away" (John 6:37). Tell Him that
you are a poor wretched sinner, and that you come to Him on the faith of
His own invitation. Tell Him you put yourself wholly and entirely in His
hands, that you feel evil and helpless, and hopeless in yourself, and
that unless He saves you, you have no hope to be saved at all. Plead
with Him to deliver you from the guilt, the power, and the consequences
of sin. Plead with Him to pardon you and wash you in His own blood.
Plead with Him to give you a new heart, and plant the Holy Spirit in your
soul. Plead with Him to give you grace, and faith, and will, and power
to be His disciple and servant from this day forever. Yes: go this very
day, and tell these things to the Lord Jesus Christ, if you really are
serious about your soul.
Tell Him in your own way and your own words. If a doctor came to see you
when you are sick you could tell him where you felt pain. If your soul
really feels its disease you can surely find something to tell Christ.
Do not doubt His willingness to save you, because you are a sinner. It
is Christ's business to save sinners. He says Himself, "I have not come
to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance" (Luke 5:32).
Do not wait, because you feel unworthy. Wait for nothing: wait for
nobody. Waiting, comes from the devil. Just as we are, go to Christ.
The worse you are, the more need you have to go to Him. You will never
mend yourself by staying away.
Do not fear because your prayer is stammering, your words feeble, and
your language poor. Jesus can understand you. Just as a mother
understands the first babblings of her infant, so does the blessed Savior
understand sinners. He can read a sign, and see a meaning in a groan.
Do not despair, because you do not get an answer immediately. While you
are speaking, Jesus is listening. If He delays in His answer, it is only
for wise reasons, and to test if you are serious. Pray on, and the
answer will surely come. Though it be delayed, wait for it: it will
surely come at last.
If you have any desire to be saved, remember the advice I have given you
this day. Act upon it honestly and heartily, and you will be saved.
(3) Let me speak, lastly, to those who do pray. I trust that some who
read this paper know well what prayer is, and have the Spirit of
adoption. To all such I offer a few words of brotherly counsel and
exhortation. The incense offered in the tabernacle was ordered to be
made in a particular way. Not every kind of incense would do. Let us
remember this, and be careful about the matter and manners of our
If I know anything of a Christian's heart, you to whom I now speak are
often sick of your own prayers. You never enter into the Apostle's
words, "When I want to do good, evil is right there with me" (Romans
7:21), so thoroughly as you sometimes do upon your knees. You can
understand David's words, "I hate vain thoughts." You can sympathize
with that poor converted soul, who was overheard praying, "Lord, deliver
me from all my enemies; and, above all, from that my own evil self!"
There are few children of God who do not often find the season of prayer
a season of conflict. The devil has a special rage against us when he
sees us on our knees. Yet I believe that prayers which cost us no
trouble should be regarded with great suspicion. I believe we are very
poor judges of the quality of our prayers, and that the prayer which
pleases us "least" often pleases God "most." Permit me then, as a
companion in the Christian warfare, to offer you a few words of
exhortation. One thing, at least, we all feel, we must pray. We cannot
give it up: we must go on.
(a) I commend, then, to your attention the importance of "reverence and
humility" in prayer.
Let us never forget what we are, and what a solemn thing it is to speak
with God. Let us beware of rushing into His presence with carelessness
and flippancy. Let us say to ourselves, "I am on holy ground. This is
none other than the gate of heaven. If I do not mean what I say, I am
trifling with God. If I hold sin in my heart, the Lord will not
hear me." Let us keep in mind the words of Solomon: "Do not be quick
with your mouth, do not be hasty in your heart to utter anything before
God. God is in heaven and you are on earth, so let your words be few"
(Ecclesiastics 5:2). When Abraham spoke to God, he said, "I am nothing
but dust and ashes" When Job spoke, he said, "I am unworthy, how can I
reply to you?" (Genesis 18:27; Job 40:4). Let us do likewise.
(b) I commend to you, in the next place, the importance of praying
By this I mean that we should labor always to have the direct help of the
Spirit in our prayers, and beware above all things of formality. There
is nothing so spiritual that it cannot become a form, and this is
especially true of private prayer. We may insensibly get into the habit
of using the fittest possible words, and offering the most Scriptural
petitions; and yet we may do it all by rote, without feeling it, and walk
daily round an old beaten path, like a horse in a mill. I desire to
touch this point with caution and delicacy. I know that there are
certain critical things we want every day, and that there is nothing
necessarily formal in asking for these things in the same words. The
world, the devil, and our hearts, are the same every day. Of necessity
we must each day go over old ground. But this I saying, we must be very
careful on this point. If the skeleton and outline of our prayers be by
our habit almost a form, let us strive that the clothing and filling up
of our prayers be as much as possible of the Spirit.
As to praying a written prayer out of a book, it is a habit I cannot
praise. If we can tell our doctors the state of our bodies without a
book, we ought to be able to tell the state of our souls to God. I have
no objection to a man using crutches, when he is first recovering from a
broken limb. It is better to use crutches than not to walk at all. But
if I saw him all his life on crutches, I should not think it a matter for
congratulation. I should like to see him strong, enough to throw his
(c) I commend to you, in the next place, the importance of making prayer
a "regular business of life."
I might say something of the value of regular times in the day for
prayer. God is a God of order. The hours of the morning and evening
sacrifice in the Jewish temple were not established as they were without
a meaning. Disorder is notably one of the fruits of sin. But I would
not bring anyone under bondage. I only say this, that it is essential to
your soul's health to make praying a part of the routine of every
twenty-four hours in your life. Just as you allot time to eating,
sleeping, and business, so also allot time to prayer. Choose your own
hours and periods. At the very least, speak with God in the morning,
before you speak with the world; and speak with God at night, after you
have finished with the world for that day. But settle it in your minds
that prayer is one of the vital things of each day. Do not put it into a
corner. Do not give it the scraps, and leftover minutes of your day.
Whatever else you make a business of, make a business of prayer.
(d) I commend to you, in the next place, the importance of
"perseverance" in prayer.
Once having begun the habit, never give it up. Your heart will sometimes
say, "We have had family prayers; what great harm is it if we leave our
private prayer undone?" Your body will sometimes say, "You are sick, or
sleepy, or weary; you do not need to pray." Your mind will sometimes
say, "You have important business to attend to today; cut short your
prayers." Look on all such suggestions as coming directly from the
devil. They are as good as saying, "Neglect your soul." I do not
maintain that prayers should always be of the same length; but I do say,
let no excuse make you give up prayer. It is not for nothing that Paul
said, "Devote yourselves to prayer," and "Pray continually." (Colossians
4:2; 1 Thessalonians 5:17). He did not mean that men should be always on
their knees, as an old sect, called the Euchitae, supposed. But he did
mean that our prayers should be like the continual burnt offering, a thing
steadily persevered in every day, that it should be like seed-time and
harvest, and summer and winter, a thing that should unceasingly come
around at regular seasons, that it should be like the fire on the altar,
not always consuming sacrifices, but never completely going out.
Never forget that you may tie together morning and evening devotions by
an endless chain of short ejaculatory prayers throughout the day. Even
in the company of others, or while you work, or going down the street,
you may be silently sending up little winged messengers to God, as
Nehemiah did in the very presence of Artaxerxes. (Nehemiah 2:4). And
never think that time is wasted which is given to God. A nation does not
become poorer because it loses one year of working days in seven by
honoring the Lord's Day. A Christian never finds he is a loser in the
long run by persevering in prayer.
(e) I commend to you, in the next place, the importance of "earnestness"
It is not necessary that a man should shout, or scream, or be very loud,
in order to prove that he is serious. But it is desirable that we should
be hearty, and fervent, and warm, and ask as if we were really interested
in what we were doing. It is the prayer of a righteous man that is
"powerful and effective," and not the cold, sleepy, lazy, listless one.
This is the lesson that is taught us by the expressions used in Scripture
about prayer. It is called, "crying, knocking, wrestling, laboring,
striving." This is the lesson taught us by Scripture examples. Jacob is
one. He said to the angel at Penuel, "I will not let you go unless you
bless me" (Genesis 32:26). Daniel is another. Hear how he pleaded with
God: "O Lord, listen! O Lord, forgive! O Lord, hear and act! For your sake,
O my God" (Daniel 9:19). Our Lord Jesus Christ is another. It is written
of Him, "During the days of Jesus' life on earth, he offered up prayers and
petitions with loud cries and tears" (Hebrews 5:7). Yet, how unlike is
this to many of our petitions! How tame and lukewarm they seem by
comparison! How truly might God say to many of us, "You do not really want
what you pray for!" Let us try to amend this fault. Let us knock loudly
at the door of grace, like Mercy in "Pilgrim's Progress," as if we must
perish unless heard. Let us settle it in our minds, that cold prayers are
a sacrifice without fire. Let us remember the story of Demosthenes, the
great orator, when one came to him, and wanted him to plead his cause. He
heard him without attention, while he told his story without earnestness.
The man saw this, and cried out with anxiety that it was all true. "Ah!"
said Demosthenes, "I believe you now."
(f) I commend to you, in the next place, the importance of "praying with
We should endeavor to believe that our prayers are always heard, and that
if we ask things according to God's will, we will always be answered.
This is the plain command of our Lord Jesus Christ: "Whatever you ask for
in prayer, believe that you have received it, and it will be yours" (Mark
11:24). Faith is to prayer what the feather is to the arrow: without it
prayer will not hit the target. We should cultivate the habit of
pleading promises in our prayers. We should take with us some promise,
and say, "LORD God, keep forever the promise you have made concerning
your servant and his house. Do as you promised" (2 Samuel 7:25).
This was the habit of Jacob, and Moses, and David. The 119th Psalm is
full of things asked, "according to Your word." Above all we should
cultivate the habit of expecting answers to our prayers. We should do
like the merchant who sends his ships to sea. We should not be satisfied
unless we see some return. The Church at Jerusalem made prayer without
ceasing for Peter in prison; but when the prayer was answered they would
hardly believe it. (Acts 12:15). It is a serious saying of old, "There
is no surer mark of trifling in prayer, than when men are careless what
they get by prayer."
(g) I commend to you, in the next place, the importance of "boldness" in
There is an unbecoming familiarity in some men's prayers, which I cannot
praise. But there is such a thing as a holy boldness, which is greatly
to be desired. I mean such boldness as that of Moses, when he pleads
with God not to destroy Israel: "Why should the Egyptians say, 'It was
with evil intent that he brought them out, to kill them in the mountains
and to wipe them off the face of the earth'? Turn from your fierce anger;
relent and do not bring disaster on your people" (Exodus 32:12). I mean
such boldness as that of Joshua, when the children of Israel were
defeated before Ai: "What," he says, "then will you do for your own great
name?" (Joshua 7:9). This is the boldness for which Luther was
distinguished. One who heard him praying said, "What a spirit, what a
confidence was in his very expression! With such a reverence he
petitioned, as one begging of God, and yet with such hope and assurance,
as if he spoke with a loving, father or friend." This is the boldness
which distinguished Bruce, a great Scottish man of God of the 17th century.
His prayers were said to be "like thunderbolts shot up into heaven."
Here I also fear we sadly come short. We do not sufficiently realize the
believer's privileges. We do not plead as often as we should, "Lord, are
we not Your own people? Is it not for Your glory that we should be made
holy? Is it not for Your honor that the Gospel should be preached?"
(h) I commend to you, in the next place the "fullness" of prayer.
I do not forget that our Lord warns us against the example of the
Pharisees, who for show made long prayers, and commands us, when we pray,
not to use vain repetitions. But I cannot forget, on the other hand, that
He has given His own sanction to long devotions, by continuing all night
in prayer to God. In this day we are not likely to err on the side of
praying "too much." Might it not rather be feared that many believers in
this generation pray "too little?" Is not the actual amount of time
that many Christians give to prayer in the total very small? I am afraid
these questions cannot be answered satisfactorily. I am afraid the
private devotions of many are most painfully few and limited, just enough
to prove they are alive, and no more. They really seem to want little
from God. They seem to have little to confess, little to ask for, and
little to thank Him for. Yes, this is completely wrong! Nothing is more
common than to hear believers complaining that they do not grow in their
faith. They tell us that they do not grow in grace, as they would
desire. Is it not rather to be suspected that many have just as much
grace as they ask for? Is it not the true story of many, that they have
little, because they ask little? The cause of their weakness is to be
found in their own stunted, dwarfish, clipped, contracted, hurried,
little, narrow, diminutive prayers. "They do not have not because they
do not ask." Oh, reader, we are limited in Christ, but in ourselves.
The Lord says, "Open wide your mouth and I will fill it." But we are
like the king of Israel who hit the ground three time and stopped, when
he ought to have hit it five or six times. (Psalm 81:10; 2 Kings 13:18-
(i) I commend to you, in the next place, the importance "being specific"
We ought not be content with general petitions. We ought to specify our
wants before the throne of grace. It should not be enough to confess we
are sinners. We should name the sins of which our conscience tells us we
are most guilty. It should not be enough to ask for holiness. We should
name the graces in which we feel the most deficient. It should not be
enough to tell the Lord we are in trouble. We should describe our
trouble and all its circumstances. This is what Jacob did, when he
feared his brother Esau. He tells God exactly what it is that he fears.
(Genesis 32:11). This is what Eliezer did, when he sought a wife for his
master's son. He spreads before God precisely what he wants.
(Genesis 24:12). This is what Paul did, when be had a thorn in the
flesh. He told the Lord. (2 Corinthians 12:8). This is true faith and
confidence. We should believe that nothing is too small to be named
before God. What would we think of the patient who told his doctor he
was ill, but never went into particulars? What would we think of the
wife who told her husband she was unhappy, but did not specify the cause?
What should we think of the child who told his father he was in trouble,
but nothing more? Let us never forget that Christ is the true bride
groom of the soul, the true physician of the heart, the real father of
all His people. Let us show that we feel this, by being unreserved in
our communications with Him. Let us hide no secrets from Him. Let us
tell Him everything that is in our hearts.
(j) I commend to you, in the next place, the importance of
"intercession" in our prayers.
We are all selfish by nature, and our selfishness is very apt to stick to
us, even when we are converted. There is a tendency in us to think only
of our own souls, our own spiritual conflict, our own progress in
religion, and to forget others. Against this tendency we have need to
watch and strive, not the least in our prayers. We should study to be of
a public spirit. We should stir ourselves up to name other names beside
our own before the throne of grace. We should try to bear in our hearts
the whole world, the heathen, the Jew, the Roman Catholics, the body of
true believers, the professing Protestant Churches, the country in which
we live, the congregation to which we belong, the family and home in
which we live, the friends and relations we are connected with. For each
and all of these we should plead. This is the highest love. He loves me
best who loves me in his prayers. This is for our soul's health. It
enlarges our sympathies and expands our hearts. This is for the benefit
of the Church. The wheels of all machinery for extending the Gospel are
oiled by prayer. They do as much for the Lord's cause who intercede like
Moses on the mount, as they do who fight like Joshua in the thick of the
battle. This is to be like Christ. He bears the names of His people on
His breast and shoulders as their High Priest before the Father. Oh, the
privilege of being like Jesus! This is to be a true helper to ministers.
If I must choose a congregation, give me a people that prays.
(k) I commend to you, in the next place, the importance of
"thankfulness" in prayer.
I know well that asking God is one thing, and praising God is another.
But I see so close a connection between prayer and praise in the Bible,
that I dare not call that true prayer in which thankfulness has no part.
It is not for nothing that Paul says, "By prayer and petition, with
thanksgiving, present your requests to God" (Philippians 4:6). "Devote
yourselves to prayer, being watchful and thankful" (Colossians 4:2). It
is of mercy that we are not in hell. It is of mercy that we have the
hope of heaven. It is of mercy that we live in a land with spiritual
light. It is of mercy that we have been called by the Spirit, and not
left to reap the fruit of our own ways. It is of mercy that we still
live, and have opportunities of glorifying God actively or passively.
Surely, these thoughts should come to mind whenever we speak with God.
Surely, we should never open our lips in prayer without blessing God for
that free grace by which we live, and for that loving-kindness which
endures forever. Never was there a celebrated saint who was not full of
thankfulness. Men like Whitfield in the last century were ever running
over with thankfulness. Oh, if we would be bright and shining lights in
our day, we must cherish a spirit of praise! And above all, let our
prayers be thankful prayers.
(l) I commend to you, in the last place, the importance of "watchfulness
over your prayers."
Prayer is that point of all others in religion at which you must be on
your guard. It is here that true religion begins: here it flourishes,
and here it decays. Tell me what a man's prayers are, and I will soon
tell you the state of his soul. Prayer is the spiritual pulse: by this
the spiritual health may always be tested. Prayer is the spiritual
weather-glass: by this we may always know whether it is fair or foul with
our hearts. Oh, let us keep an eye continually upon our private
devotions! Here is the essence, and substance, and backbone of our
practical Christianity. Sermons, and books, and tracts, and committee
meetings, and the company of good men, are all good in their way; but
they will never make up for the neglect of private prayer. Mark well the
places, and society, and companions, that keep your hearts from communion
with God, and tend to make your prayers difficult. "There be on your
guard." Observe what friends and what occupations leave your soul in
the most spiritual frame, and most ready to speak with God. "To these
cling and adhere to tightly." If you will only take care of your
prayers, I will promise that nothing will go wrong with your soul.
I offer these points for private consideration. I do it in all humility.
I know no one who needs to be reminded of them more than I do myself.
But I believe them to be God's own truth, and I should love to know and
understand them more.
I want the times we live in to be praying times. I want the Christians
of our day to be praying Christians. I want the Church of our age to be
a praying Church. My heart's desire and prayer in sending out this paper
is to promote a spirit of prayerfulness. I want those who never prayed
yet, to rise and call upon God; and I want those who do pray, to improve
their prayers every year, and to see that they are not slacking off and
praying in the wrong way.